The difference between Autism and Asperger ?

It’s quite common that you may have many questions once your child is diagnosed. One common question is about the differences between High functioning autism and Aspergers. Although Autism and Aspergers are both on the autism spectrum, there are differences that distinguish high-level autism from Aspergers. It is seen that high functioning Autism and Aspergers tend to be misunderstood as they have many similarities. Both People with Autism and Aspergers are identified to have difficulties in behavioral settings.

People with Asperger‘s syndrome do not experience any delay in language development and hence its hard to identify early.

Asperger Syndrome and high-functioning autism are often referred to as the same diagnosis. While they currently exist as two separate diagnoses, there is an ongoing debate about whether that is necessary. In the future, it may be possible that they may be combined into one category. There is no clear biomarker or genetic test which can define or separate autism and Asperger’s disorder.

High Functioning Autism (HFA) and Asperger Syndrome (AS) are more similar to each other than different. In fact, many doctors and researchers think that both diagnoses may merge into one category in the near future.

For now though, there are few differences that are debated by those who think that there still might be a varying diagnosis.

Age of onset

One the most widely accepted diagnosis is that signs of HFA can be identified at a very young age, sometimes as early as between the ages of 6 – 18 months. On the other hand, the onset of AS is seen at a much later age, mostly between the ages of 5 and 9.

Language development

HFA kids seem to have a problem learning a language and generally take a long time to learn to speak, read or understand words. Most AS kids, however, have little impairment in their language development skills. While they may not communicate with too many people, this is due to social impairment and not a problem with speaking or reading

Motor skills

This one is quite controversial, but the view is that impaired motor coordination and skills are found in people with AS but not in people with HFA.

Each of these differences are being debated today as many children who show one difference but not the other get diagnosed with either one of the disorders. Thus, we now have children whose are being diagnosed almost interchangeably, depending on the doctor’s inclination.

Which brings us to similarities in HFA and AS:

– People with both HFA and AS have average to above average IQs.

– They seem to have many development issues that require treatment, therapy and educational changes such as curriculum or teaching methods.

– Kids and adults with HFA and AS have trouble interacting and communicating with others.

While the debate continues, what you as a parent need to know are the areas of development that have obstacles in your child’s functioning. Treatment methods are generally common so it really doesn’t matter what your child has, as long as you can give him/her a happy childhood and prepare them for independent adulthood.

At a young age, people with Asperger‘s syndrome do not experience any delay in language development and hence its hard to identify early. Autism can be diagnosed early as there will be a delay in language development even if it is High functioning Autism. This is key differences between Autism and Aspergers. It is common for children with Aspergers to own associate degree obsession with random things. Children with autism tend to own stronger connections with certain things, but it’s not on the extent of obsession. Though the likelihood is low, children with aspergers are brilliant, even though they struggle with communication. However, the main target of Asperger’s shouldn’t specialize in characteristic the incapacity with intelligence levels, however instead one ought to specialize in the 3 areas that are used to diagnose children with this syndrome: how they socialize, communicate, and behave. Thanks for your time reading this blog. We hope this article gave you some informative content.

Kindly contact Be Change Centre for Autism for any questions or visit our center in Marathahalli, Bangalore. We encourage you to visit our website frequently as we will be adding many more informative articles.



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